A medical laboratory is where the tests for the clinical specimen will be taking place in order to get the important details that will help on the diagnosis, treatment, and preventive measures for a patient. You should know that clinical laboratories are concentrating on the production like basis in applied science not like the research laboratories that are focusing on the academic basis in basic science.
There are two departments when it comes to laboratory medicine and each department will be subdivided into different units. You can read more about the two departments below.
Anatomic pathology – the units under this department are the cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. A person can study each unit in a single course, academically. Physiology, pathology, pathophysiology, and histology are the other courses that you can get from this department.
Clinical pathology which includes the following courses:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five various sciences. Mycology, immunology, bacteriology, parasitology, and virology are the units included here!
Clinical chemistry – the instrumental analysis of blood components, endocrinology, toxicology, and enzymology, are the units that are included in this section.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of blood cells are under this section. The blood bank and the coagulation are the two subunits in this section.
Genetics is studied also alongside a subspecialty which is the cytogenetics.
Reproductive biology – the units in this section include the assisted reproductive technology, sperm bank, and semen analysis.
The distribution of clinical laboratories to each health institutions will be different from place to place. An example for this is that some health institutions will have one lab intended for microbiology while some will not have a lab for microbiology but will have different labs for each unit.
Learn more about the detailed analysis of the role of each laboratory equipment for hermatology and urinalysis below.
You should know that any clinical specimen can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissue, synovial fluids, cerebrospinal fluid, sputum, blood, urine, feces, and swabs. The main work here is focused on cultures, looking for possible pathogens that if found, will be identified further based on biochemical tests. A sensitivity test will also be done in order to know if the pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a prescribed medicine, simply check this company. Results will be reported together with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and quantity of drugs that will be given to a patient.
Different types of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, most of the medical specimens will be processed in two main medical laboratories. The patients will undergo tests in hospital laboratories that you can find in several hospitals. Private laboratories will analyze the samples from insurance companies, clinical research sites, health clinics, and general practitioners. There are so many websites that can provide you with more information about medical laboratories, just click here for more.…