Types of Vaccine Support
Vaccine support is a very fragile unit in medication as it involves the study of illness characteristics and how to come up with a cure of the disease. For a vaccine to meet its purpose in the right manner of functionality it should working such a manner that it fights the microbes that cause the disease without affecting or altering other elements of the body functionality. Vaccines that happen to affect various cells or alter their functionality when the immune system is responding to microbe is termed to have negative effects thus it cannot carry its purpose effectively. Also when designing a vaccine varying considerations should be taken such as how compatible the vaccine is with other related ailments and the region in the world it will be used.
There are five main categories of vaccines which are: attenuated vaccine, toxic vaccine, conjugate vaccine, inactive vaccine and subunit vaccine which are discussed broadly below. These type of vaccine is developed in the vaccine where the real microbe in weakened in the lab to such a point that it cannot harm the body cells causing illness where the real behavior of the microbe is studied so as to find a suitable vaccine. By developing a microbe in the lab it is to create a similar environment of that which the virus or bacteria thrives on so as to learn how it actually behaves in the body. For the purpose of gaining more insight on how to develop a more effective medicine to fight the microbe in the various diseases with the first aim to targeting on knowing the amount of antibodies the body can produce to protect itself from a microbe and designing drugs that would heal one after taking a few doses. Some example of such vaccine support diseases are smallpox vaccine, yellow fever, measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox and rotavirus.
The second form of support vaccine is the toxic vaccine that emanates from harmful chemicals from bacteria those secret toxins. The bacteria toxin becomes the main cause of illness. Formalin can be used to treat inactive toxin which is a solution of formaldehyde and sterilized water. Antibodies are produced after immunization to fight toxic substances and stop productions of the toxic matter. Diphtheria and tetanus are some of the common produced toxic substance by the body.
During the development of conjugate vaccine the scientists link the antigens or toxoids to a microbe and the immune system to distinguish the polysaccharides to the immature immune system such as of young ones to react to polysaccharide coating and protect the cells against bacterium’s. A sugar molecules coat a bacterium that disguises the bacterium antigens for the immune system of an infant not to react to them is referred to as polysaccharides.